How to Grow
Narcissus (Daffodil)

Optimum Planting Time: September – November
Flowers: February - April
Height: 15-45cm

Where to plant

Narcissus are easy to grow and will love in full sun or partial shade. They will grow in both light,
sandy soil as well as heavy clay.

How to plant in the ground

1. Before planting, ensure you have loosened the soil to alleviate any compaction and dig in
organic matter to improve both soil structure and drainage.
2. Plant your narcissus bulbs with the pointed head up three times the size of the bulb below
the surface of the soil, approximately 10cm deep.
3. Space the bulbs about two bulb widths, about 15cm apart.

How to plant in containers

1. Narcissus have an extensive root structure, so a large container is preferred for growth.
2. To plant, fill about half to two-thirds of your container with moist compost.
3. Plant the narcissus bulbs as deep as you would in the ground, about 10cm deep and 5cm
4. Cover the bulbs with compost and then place in a cool, dark place for about 10 weeks,
before moving the container into a bright spot when shoots are 5cm tall.
5. Water sparingly as daffodils bulbs don’t like to be waterlogged.

Planting indoors

1. If forcing narcissus indoors, plant in your desired container, just below the surface in a bulb
2. Store in a cold, dark place at a temperature between 1.5°C and 10°C for six weeks until the
shoots are 4-5cm tall.
3. Bring inside the house and place in a sunny position for flowering six weeks later.


1. Once your flowers are past their best, deadhead them to give the bulbs a chance to save
their energy for next spring.
2. After flowering, apply a high potassium liquid feed such as Westland Sulphate of Potash,
every couple of weeks from when the flowers have faded until the first signs of yellowing of
3. Once the leaves are yellow, about six weeks after flowering ends, cut back.
4. Firm down the soil around the plants to make it more difficult for bulb flies to deposit eggs.

Pests and Diseases

Narcissus are usually low maintenance but can be susceptible to slugs and snails which eat the
foliage and flowers, virus diseases, basal rot, and narcissus bulb fly. Watch out for ‘daffodil
blindness’ too which can be caused by shallow planting, early foliage removal, overcrowding or bulb
fly attack.

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